Nest Architecture of Dactylurina Staudingeri (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) in Cameroon

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Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Stingless Bees, Apinae, Meliponini, Dactylurina Staudingeri, Nest Architecture, Cameroon
Authors:
Mogho, NJOYA Moses Tita; Wittmann, Dieter; Ambebe, Titus Fondo
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
3
Number:
6
Pages:
335-338
Month:
November
ISSN:
2348-3997
Note:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Abstract:
Stingless bees (Meliponini) are a group of small to medium-sized bees with vestigial (non functional) stings. They store honey and pollen and occur in perennial colonies. Meliponiculture is still very poorly developed in Cameroon and often results in destruction of colonies after harvest due poor understanding of the nest architecture. Dactylurina staudingeri is the only stingless bee (Apidae-Meliponini) found with exposed nests in Cameroon. The nests are often fixed on tree branches at a height above 4m. Combs are vertically constructed with doubled layer cells. The batumen layer is exceptionally constructed with many hard sheets. The workers bite as a defense mechanism against predators. More than 80% of honey pots are located underneath directly below the lower portion of the brood area. Harvesting of honey from D. staudingeri can be facilitated using a syringe on the honey pots to avoid colony destruction and destruction of bees.

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