Nutrient contents of Young Oil Palm Trees as Affected by Genetic Materials, Including Some Inbred Progenies

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Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Oil Palm, Leaf Samples, Nutrient Contents, Inbreeding, Correlation
Authors:
LUYINDULA, Zéphyrin Nuanisa; BATANGA, Raymond
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
4
Number:
1
Pages:
61-65
Month:
January
ISSN:
2348-3997
Note:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Abstract:
This study analyzes the composition of the 9th oil palm leaves for major and trace elements, as affected by the genetic variations of planted materials. The main objective is to evaluate how the genetic variations influenced the nutrient contents of leaves. The second purpose is to study the effect of inbreeding on the mineral composition of oil palm leaves. The experiment was conducted with 10 oil palm progenies planted in randomized blocks. Two of the 10 were sib-crosses materials. The leaf anions contents (N and P) showed low variation while the cations (K and Mg) revealed high variability, with the highest variations for the microelements. Significant differences for the 3 major elements (N, K and Mg) were found between the progenies. However, no significant differences were observed for P and all the trace elements (Mn, Fe, Zn, Cu). The trace elements were significantly correlated with the anions (N, P), except Fe. It was also revealed that the oil palm inbreeding influences the nutrient contents in the 9th oil palm leaf by the form of reduced N and Mg and increased K.

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