Diversity of Mango (Mangiferaindica L.) Cultivars in Shendi Area: Morphological Fruit Characterization
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- Mango, Morphological Characterization
- Ahmed, Tagelsir Hassan Mohamed; Mohamed, Zenab Mohamed Ahmed
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
- Morphological characterization allows for the study of plant variation using visual attributes. Fruit have been the major descriptors for identification of different varieties of fruit crops. The study was carried out to identify mango (Mangiferaindica L.) varieties in Sudan based on morphological fruit characters. Fruits were collected in triplicate representing 30 cultivars. Sixteen cultivars were grafted genotypes of Indian or Egyptian origin, 11 cultivars were grown directly from seeds (Balady) and 3 cultivars imported recently from South Africa. IPGRI (2006) descriptors were used in the study. Comparisons between means were made by least significant differences (LSD). The results indicated a high intraspecific diversity of mango varieties. Significant differences(png fruit beak type and sinus type. The fruit skin weight % vary greatly between cultivars ranging between 9.6 and 19.7 % with yellow or green colors. The weightand texture and color of the pulp were genotypes dependant. The weight % of the pulp vary between 85% and 72.2 % for the grafted cultivars followed by the seedling and South African cultivars respectively. The pulp fiber content showed great variations in quantity and quality of mango cultivars with a range of 7.0 to 45% fiber weight %. The seed length, width, thickness and weight % vary between cultivars and were proportional to those of the fruit.
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