Analysis of Farmers Awareness of Climate Change and Adaptation Methods in Umuahia North Lga, Abia State, Nigeria
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- Adaptation Methods, Climate Change and Farmers
- AGOMOH, OKECHI; IFEANYI, UMEH; ALOCHA, OBINNA .C
- Climate change has been defined as the measurable increases in the average temperature of the earth’s atmosphere, oceans and land masses or the rapid changes in global temperature (Encarta 2009). The study sought the level of awareness to climate change and adaptation methods in Umuahia North L.G.A, Abia State, Nigeria. Data was collected with the use of a structured questionnaire. The data collected was analysed with the aid of descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages and mean score). The results from the study showed that, majority of the respondents were male (83.3%), 50% of them were middle aged (between 31-50 years). Most of the sampled farmers (67.5%) had a household size of between 4-6 members. Most of the respondents identified personal experience as their highest source of awareness to climate change. The respondents showed their level of awareness to climate change in their mean level of awareness score of "x" ̅ = 3.0. The respondents identified ten (10) adaptation methods they employed in mitigating the effects of climate change in the study area. They identified mulching of crops to reduce water loss as the most used (93.3%) while they said they rarely employed the planting of drought resistant/tolerant crops (37.5%) as a mitigation method. Based on the findings of this study, it is therefore recommended that extension agents should be mobilized to reach rural areas with information, best practices and mitigation methods to critical issues such as climate change. Equally, improved varieties of crops should be made available and to the reach of local farmers to ensure adequate food production even in the light of climate change.
Full text: IJRAS-489-FINAL.pdf