Phytochemical Screening, Proximate Analysis and Mineral Composition of Riped and Unriped Musa Species Grown in Anyigba and its Environs

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Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Minerals, Musa Parasidiasca, Musa Sapientum, Proximate Analysis, Phytochemicals
Authors:
Onojah, P.K; Emurotu, J.E
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
4
Number:
3
Pages:
160-162
Month:
May
ISSN:
2348-3997
Abstract:
Plantain and Banana fruits are widely consumed in Africa and some other parts of the world. Their peels (pericarp) which constitutes about 40% of the whole fruit weight is thought to be little or no significance, and hence, often discarded. The study was carried out to investigate the presence of mineral, nutrient and phytochemical to chemical composition on the riped and unriped peels of both Musa parasidiasca and Musa sapientum. The result for the nutritional contents were ranged as follows: moisture content (12.35 – 13.57%); fibre (8.17 – 29.45%); nitrogen free extracts (39.71 – 69.09%); protein (0.523 – 0.649%); fat (6.25 – 6.60%); and ash (3.14 – 10.50%). The mineral content for the samples; potassium (21,569.2 – 68,236.5mg/kg); Calcium (2,874.0 – 11.389.0 mg/kg); Magnesium (1020.5 – 4372.0mg/kg); sodium (972.1 – 2874.6 mg/kg); iron (171.0 – 406.0 mg/kg). Lead was not detected. The results indicated low ash contents (3.14 – 10.50%) and lipid content (0.21% - 0.35%). The results indicated that if the peels are properly exploited and processed, they could be a high quality and cheap sources of carbohydrate and minerals for livestock as well as sources for alkali for alkali based materials like soap
Full text: IJRAS_545_FINAL.pdf

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