Effect of Parity on Fatty Acids of Saudi Camels Milk and Colostrum

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Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Camel Milk, Conjugated linoleic acids CLA, Colostrum, Fatty Acid Profile
Authors:
Abdelsalam, Magdy; Ali, Mohamed; Al-Sobayil, Khalid
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
4
Number:
6
Pages:
325-329
Month:
November
ISSN:
2348-3997
Abstract:
Fourteen Saudi she-camels were machine milked twice daily and fatty acids of colostrum (1-7 days post partum) and milk (10-150 days post partum) were analyzed. Short chain fatty acids were found in small percentage in colostrums and milk at different parities without insignificant differences and the C4:0 and C6:0 don't appear in the analysis. Colostrums has higher unsaturated fatty acids percentage than that of saturated fatty acids while the opposite was found in milk of camels. Myiristic acid (C14:0), palmitic (C16:0), stearic (C18:0) and oleic (C18:1) showed the highest percentage in either colostrums or milk of she-camels. Parity had significant effect on atherogenicity index (AI) which is considered an important factor associated the healthy quality of camel milk. Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) was recorded the highest percent in the second and third parity in milk and colostrums. Stage of lactation had significant effect on fatty acids profile except the short chain fatty acids. The percentage of unsaturated fatty acids decreased as stage of lactation advanced while the saturated fatty acids increased in older camels. The results indicate that camel milk has an important role in human nutrition in the hot regions and arid countries it contains high percentage of unsaturated fatty acids which is required to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease
Full text: IJRAS_629_FINAL.pdf

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