The Story of Braula Coeca (Bee Lice) in Honeybee Colonies Apis Mellifera L. in Libya
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- Braula coeca, Bee lice, infestation, Varroa destructor, Apis mellifera L, Libya
- Alfallah, Hasan M.; Mirwan, Hamida B.
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
- Braula coeca has been found in Libya since 1980s and the regular usage of miticides by beekeepers, to control varroa mites at the end of every season, resulted in the population of Braula coeca to decrease and disappear approximately in 1990. After beekeepers gradually reduced the utilization of miticides against varroa mites, and occasionally managing it without chemicals, Braula coeca reappeared in 2009. Questionnaire Survey results indicated that only 28% of the beekeepers can recognize bee lice from varroa. And the field study showed that the mean rates of parasitism due to bee lice did not exceed 0.5% in experimental colonies during interval periods
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