Study on Prevalence and Most Widespread Wheat Seed Borne Mycoflora in Different Locations of Samastipur

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Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Agriculture, Crop, Fungi, Wheat Seeds, Pathogens
Authors:
Singh, Nitesh; Sinha, Ajoy Kumar
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
5
Number:
3
Pages:
142-144
Month:
May
ISSN:
2348-3997
Abstract:
In India, Wheat is the most stable crop placed second only to rice. In Samastipur, as compared to other commercial crop, wheat is grown on more land area. However in addition to declining in the physical-chemical quality of seed grains, fungi also affect the seeds germ inability. Keeping this in mind, it has been decided to make a through survey of wheat varieties collected from different localities of Samastipur district. In the present study, Wheat samples were collected from different locations of Samastipur and then determined the presence of fungal pathogens which may be associated with wheat seeds. In this study, thirty seed samples were collected and presence of fungal pathogen was determined by blotter method. At the end of the study we found that Fusarium graminearum were predominant among all the varieties and was strongly pathogenic. Fusarium graminearumis a species of toxigenic fungi that is capable of producing trichothecene is found throughout the world. Percentage frequency was determined and type of fungi varied with variety and locations. Fusarium graminearum was highest in Samastipur district while Fusarium poae was found next to Fusarium graminearum. Relative humidity might be the reason for variation in frequency and type of fungi detected in wheat seeds at different locations
Full text: IJRAS_670_FINAL.pdf

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