The Effect of Sales Outlets on Cassava Production in Oyo State

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Cassava Production, Profitability, Sales Outlets, Market, Industry
O., Raufu M.; Adesina, B.A.; A., Abdulazeez A.; Marizu, J.T
To ensure continuity in cassava production, the farm household has an option of selling to the general market or to the cassava processing industries about which little research have been done. The study therefore focused on the effect of sales outlets on cassava production with the specific objectives to describe the socio-economic characteristics of the cassava farmers, the profitability of producing cassava, highlight factors affecting cassava production and determine the factors affecting choice of sales outlets. Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents (Cassava Farmers) in the study area. A total of 120 respondents but only 100 of the questionnaires returned were fund useful for the analyses; 56 from those that sell to the market and 44 for those that sell to the industry. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaire. The tools used in analyzing collected data include; descriptive statistics, farm budgeting techniques, logit analysis and multiple regression analysis. The result showed that majority of the respondents selling to the industry 29.5 % and to the market 32.1% are between the ages of 30-40 years and 20-30 years respectively.. Majority (77.3%) of those that sold to the industry are male while majority (71.4%) of sellers to the market are female. Likewise, most of the respondents were learned and have one form of formal education or the other. Sellers to the industries are more visited by the extension agents than sellers to the market and sellers to the market have larger farm size than sellers to the industry. The respondents selling to the industry make more profit than the respondents selling to the market at a difference of #636.50 on the average. This implies that the production of cassava is more profitable when sold to the industry. The inferential statistics showed that farm size, number of children in school, extension visits and selling time have significant relationship with the output of cassava sales among the farmers to the industry compared to the sex of the respondents, family size and the selling time that significantly determined the output sold to the general market. The logit regression result revealed that sex of the respondents, years spent in school and the selling time are the significant variables affecting the choice of sales outlet by the respondents. The study recommended among others, quick government intervention to encourage agricultural mechanization. This will assist the farmers to increase their scale of production with better efficiency for higher outputs and supply not only to the general markets but to the industries in particular. This will also translate to higher income for the farmers and reduce their level of poverty
Full text: IJRAS_695_FINAL.pdf

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