The Use of Pesticides in Tomato Production: Exposition of Chokwe Farmers - Mozambique
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- Environment Contamination, Safety at Work, EPI, S Lycopersicum
- da Piedade Melo, Antonio; Zandamela, Isaura Nena Rui; Sitoe, Marcio Daniel; das Eiras Ludovina Dgedge Melo, Celia; Cândido, Nelio Mariano
- Tomato is used for consumption and as a source of income for many Mozambican people. The present study aims to evaluate the level of intensity of the exposure of tomato growers of Chokwe to pesticides. For this purpose, 40 production units were selected, whose owners or their representatives and representatives of associations were interviewed. The levels of intensity of occupational exposure of farmers to the pesticides were calculated. It was found that tomato growers at Chokwe Irrigation system are subject to a high level of exposure to pesticides, which may pose a threat to health and lead to loss of life. Therefore, they are not sufficiently trained for efficient and safe handling of pesticides, apart from not having a full KIT of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Their perception of pesticides is limited and strongly related to the availability of training by government and non-government extension agents. So, there is a need to make accessible the use of PPE by tomato growers and to train them in viable pesticide application technologies.
Full text: IJRAS_800_FINAL.pdf