Socio-Economic Characterization of the Parkia biglobosa’s Exploitation and Local Management in the Rural Communes of Sare Bidji and Medina Elhadji, Kolda (Senegal)

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Year:
2022
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Parkia Biglobosa, Parks, Exploitation, Management, Kolda, Senegal
Authors:
Ba, Awa; Koita, Bothie; Coly, Aissatou
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
9
Number:
1
Pages:
10-23
Month:
January
ISSN:
2348-3997
Abstract:
Non-Timber Forest Products mitigate food insecurity, especially in rural areas. The natural region of Casamance, where the level of poverty is one of the highest in Senegal, contains most of the country's ligneous species. Parkia biglobosa is one of the most privileged species because of its availability and its utility. However, we notice a weakening of its ecosystems, following both anthropic and natural causes. This study was conducted in the communes of Medina Elhadji and Sare Bidji, with 71 households. The surveys allowed to understand impact of the exploitation and management of this tree. The results showed that: Parkia biglobosa’s parks come from natural regeneration and the exploitation of the latter is rather ensured by women. According to the respondents, the pulp and the seed have dietary, medicinal and commercial interest and the shell is used as an insecticide. Leaves, roots, flowers and bark have therapeutic importance. The wood is used for cooking. Most of these products are from trees growing in the bush fields; picking begins at the opening of the campaign, in mid-April and stops in June-July, at the beginning of the rainy season, to make way for pickup. Trees of Parkia biglobosa are protected from bush fires by firewalls, cutting bans and action of monitoring committees.

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