Demonstration and Promotion of Recently Released Improved Mid Altitude Sub humid Agro Ecology Maize (Zea mays L.) Varieties in Benishangul Gumuz Region at Pawe District, Western Ethiopia
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- Matrices, Pair Wise, Ranking, Traits and Grain Yield
- Damtite, Yaregal; Haile, Taye; Sendekie, Yeshiwas
- Maize (Zea mays L.) is the leading productive among cereals and stable crop in Benishangul Gumuz Regional State where highly produced at Metekel, Assosa and Kamashi zones with Maokomo special District. Maize technology advancement was directed to the pastoralist and agro pastoralist areas of settlers and natives in Metekel zone. The demonstration fields were conducted at Pawe District specifically in Mender-4 and Mender-10 kebeles in the 2020 main cropping season using single plot area of 0.25ha for each variety at each location with active involvement of farmers. Field days were established at each demonstration site to investigate farmers’ trait and variety preference using pair wise and direct matrices selection method. From the field days direct and pair wise matrices result revealed that grain yield, disease tolerance, striga weed tolerance and lodging tolerance were selected as the indispensable traits for maize production by farmers and based on the field performance BH549 was selected as first variety in Meneder-4 kebele while BH546 was first in Mender-10 kebele and better in striga weed tolerance, but the highest overall mean grain yield result after harvest was recorded from BH549 (7.4 t ha-1) followed by BH546 (7.0 t ha-1) whereas from the standard check (BH540) was obtained the least (5.6 t ha-1). Therefore as a result of this productive idea of expression over farmer’s standard check variety in Pawe District, it is recommended to be introduced first BH549 followed by BH546 maize varieties in the production system of further scaling up and breeders should consider these important traits selected by farmers for further advancement through breeding.
Full text: IJRAS_960_FINAL.pdf