Livelihood Status of Small Holder Farmers in Rural India

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Year:
2014
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Livelihood Status, Determinant, Small Holder Farmers
Authors:
Gelaneh, Abayneh Ayalew; Assefa, Beneberu
Journal:
IJRAS
Volume:
1
Number:
5
Pages:
301-304
Month:
September
Note:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Abstract:
Small farmers in India are characterised by fragmented small land holdings with fewer numbers of live stocks, limited capitals and assets and prone to migration and vulnerable to natural hazards. Their livelihood is dependent on off season off and none farm alternative income generating activities. This study focused to investigate the livelihood status of small holder farmers in Raipur district of Chhattisgarh, India with the objective of investigating the determinant variables in the livelihood status of small holder farmers in rural India. In this framework the study was conducted among sixty small farmers from six villages of the district during the year 2012. Personal interview, group discussion and observation methods were applied for data collection. The findings of the study elucidated that majority of the small farmers in the survey area have 68.8 per cent livelihood status. The majority (71.7%) of them in the surveyed area belonged to medium level. Only 23.3 per cent of the small farmers belonged to high level. The correlation analysis reflected that the only seven of the variables out of the total sixteen variables under study have shown strong and positive significant relationship with livelihood. Finally, majority of the respondents pointed out that they were primarily facing lack of infrastructure, particularly good road and transportation facilities as well as lack of veterinary facilities in the village.

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